Oral prophylaxis is the removal of plaque, calculus and stain from exposed and unexposed surfaces of the teeth by scaling, cleaning and polishing.
These procedures are intended to be preventive measures for the control of local irritational factors and to prevent the initiation of dental diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis and to assist in the healing processes. An Ultrasonic Scaler is used to remove tartar and plaque build-up from the surfaces of the teeth as well as those hidden in between and under the gums. Ultrasonic scalers work by producing tickling vibrations to gently remove the thicker and larger tartar deposits while spraying a cooling mist of water to wash away the blood and debris from the cleaned area.Coffee and cigarette stains can also be removed during oral prophylaxis.
After cleaning the teeth, the teeth are then polished using a polishing paste and a small brush attached to a slow-rotating hand piece which is run around the teeth to make them smooth and shiny. This is a primary step towards elimination of plaque on the tooth surfaces and prevention of dental and periodontal diseases.
For patients with high disease activity, our experts recommend this procedure to be repeated every 1 -3 months while patients with good oral hygiene and minimal intervention, can get it done once in 6 months to a year.