As a Social Responsibility to spread public awareness about Dental Issues, we at 32 Pearls Multispeciality Dental Clinic, Pune. Believe this to be a must read for patients suffering from Diabetes Mellitus(commonly referred as just Diabetes). If you are suffering from Diabetes, we have some facts & figures, as well as some precautions that you should take in order to keep yourself in best oral health if you are suffering from Diabetes. Please take a look at our 4 part series, that we believe is must read.
Diabetes Mellitus is A chronic metabolic disorder of abnormal carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by deficiency of insulin, the primary feature is increase in blood glucose level (hyperglycemia)
171 million people are having diabetes, worldwide, in the year 2000 and is expected to increase to at least 366 million in 2030
The causes of diabetes are multiple and both genetic and environmental factors contribute to its development. Numerous environmental factors such as diet, lack of exercise, and being overweight are known to also increase one’s risk for diabetes. Diabetes is a dangerous disease which affects the entire body and diabetic patients are at increased risk for heart disease, hypertension, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, neuropathy, and infection when compared to nondiabetic patients. Diabetic patients also have impaired healing when compared to healthy individuals. This is in part due to the dysfunction of certain white blood cells that fight infection..The cardinal features of diabetes are polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, weight loss, poor wound healing, weakness, frequent and severe infections, obesity and having family history of diabetes
But you may also want to know that diabetic patients oral conditions includes xerostomia, burning sensations, overgrowth of gum tissue, tooth decay, periodontal disease, and fungal infections, fruity (acetone) breath, dry mouth, thickness of saliva, if you have got any of them , then you definitely need to visit your dentist to get it checked.
Poorly controlled diabetic patients are at risk for numerous oral complications such as periodontal disease, salivary gland dysfunction, infection, neuropathy, and poor healing.
Although many dentists refrain from doing surgery upon patients with diabetic levels, they are few things that need to be considered if there is a case needs to be acted upon.
Precautions while operating on a Diabetic patients
*source : slideshare